Laravel 8.x Error Handling

Introduction

When you start a new Laravel project, error and exception handling is already configured for you. The App\Exceptions\Handler class is where all exceptions triggered by your application are logged and then rendered back to the user. We'll dive deeper into this class throughout this documentation.

Configuration

The debug option in your config/app.php configuration file determines how much information about an error is actually displayed to the user. By default, this option is set to respect the value of the APP_DEBUG environment variable, which is stored in your .env file.

For local development, you should set the APP_DEBUG environment variable to true. In your production environment, this value should always be false. If the value is set to true in production, you risk exposing sensitive configuration values to your application's end users.

The Exception Handler

Reporting Exceptions

All exceptions are handled by the App\Exceptions\Handler class. This class contains a register method where you may register custom exception reporter and renderer callbacks. We'll examine each of these concepts in detail. Exception reporting is used to log exceptions or send them to an external service like Flare, Bugsnag or Sentry. By default, exceptions will be logged based on your logging configuration. However, you are free to log exceptions however you wish.

For example, if you need to report different types of exceptions in different ways, you may use the reportable method to register a Closure that should be executed when an exception of a given type needs to be reported. Laravel will deduce what type of exception the Closure reports by examining the type-hint of the Closure:

use App\Exceptions\CustomException;

/**
 * Register the exception handling callbacks for the application.
 *
 * @return void
 */
public function register()
{
    $this->reportable(function (CustomException $e) {
        //
    });
}

When you register a custom exception reporting callback using the reportable method, Laravel will still log the exception using the default logging configuration for the application. If you wish to stop the propagation of the exception to the default logging stack, you may use the stop method when defining your reporting callback:

$this->reportable(function (CustomException $e) {
    //
})->stop();

Tip!! To customize the exception reporting for a given exception, you may also consider using reportable exceptions

Global Log Context

If available, Laravel automatically adds the current user's ID to every exception's log message as contextual data. You may define your own global contextual data by overriding the context method of your application's App\Exceptions\Handler class. This information will be included in every exception's log message written by your application:

/**
 * Get the default context variables for logging.
 *
 * @return array
 */
protected function context()
{
    return array_merge(parent::context(), [
        'foo' => 'bar',
    ]);
}

The report Helper

Sometimes you may need to report an exception but continue handling the current request. The report helper function allows you to quickly report an exception using your exception handler without rendering an error page:

public function isValid($value)
{
    try {
        // Validate the value...
    } catch (Throwable $e) {
        report($e);

        return false;
    }
}

Ignoring Exceptions By Type

The $dontReport property of the exception handler contains an array of exception types that will not be logged. For example, exceptions resulting from 404 errors, as well as several other types of errors, are not written to your log files. You may add other exception types to this array as needed:

/**
 * A list of the exception types that should not be reported.
 *
 * @var array
 */
protected $dontReport = [
    \Illuminate\Auth\AuthenticationException::class,
    \Illuminate\Auth\Access\AuthorizationException::class,
    \Symfony\Component\HttpKernel\Exception\HttpException::class,
    \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\ModelNotFoundException::class,
    \Illuminate\Validation\ValidationException::class,
];

Rendering Exceptions

By default, the Laravel exception handler will convert exceptions into an HTTP response for you. However, you are free to register a custom rendering Closure for exceptions of a given type. You may accomplish this via the renderable method of your exception handler. Laravel will deduce what type of exception the Closure renders by examining the type-hint of the Closure:

use App\Exceptions\CustomException;

/**
 * Register the exception handling callbacks for the application.
 *
 * @return void
 */
public function register()
{
    $this->renderable(function (CustomException $e, $request) {
        return response()->view('errors.custom', [], 500);
    });
}

Reportable & Renderable Exceptions

Instead of type-checking exceptions in the exception handler's report and render methods, you may define report and render methods directly on your custom exception. When these methods exist, they will be called automatically by the framework:

<?php

namespace App\Exceptions;

use Exception;

class RenderException extends Exception
{
    /**
     * Report the exception.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function report()
    {
        //
    }

    /**
     * Render the exception into an HTTP response.
     *
     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request
     * @return \Illuminate\Http\Response
     */
    public function render($request)
    {
        return response(...);
    }
}

If your exception contains custom reporting logic that only occurs when certain conditions are met, you may need to instruct Laravel to report the exception using the default exception handling configuration. To accomplish this, you may return false from the exception's report method:

/**
 * Report the exception.
 *
 * @return bool|void
 */
public function report()
{
    // Determine if the exception needs custom reporting...

    return false;
}

Tip!! You may type-hint any required dependencies of the report method and they will automatically be injected into the method by Laravel's service container.

HTTP Exceptions

Some exceptions describe HTTP error codes from the server. For example, this may be a "page not found" error (404), an "unauthorized error" (401) or even a developer generated 500 error. In order to generate such a response from anywhere in your application, you may use the abort helper:

abort(404);

Custom HTTP Error Pages

Laravel makes it easy to display custom error pages for various HTTP status codes. For example, if you wish to customize the error page for 404 HTTP status codes, create a resources/views/errors/404.blade.php. This file will be served on all 404 errors generated by your application. The views within this directory should be named to match the HTTP status code they correspond to. The HttpException instance raised by the abort function will be passed to the view as an $exception variable:

<h2>{{ $exception->getMessage() }}</h2>

You may publish Laravel's error page templates using the vendor:publish Artisan command. Once the templates have been published, you may customize them to your liking:

php artisan vendor:publish --tag=laravel-errors

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