Laravel strives to make the entire PHP development experience delightful, including your local development environment. Vagrant provides a simple, elegant way to manage and provision Virtual Machines.
Laravel Homestead is an official, pre-packaged Vagrant "box" that provides you a wonderful development environment without requiring you to install PHP, HHVM, a web server, and any other server software on your local machine. No more worrying about messing up your operating system! Vagrant boxes are completely disposable. If something goes wrong, you can destroy and re-create the box in minutes!
Homestead runs on any Windows, Mac, or Linux system, and includes the Nginx web server, PHP 5.6, MySQL, Postgres, Redis, Memcached, and all of the other goodies you need to develop amazing Laravel applications.
Note: If you are using Windows, you may need to enable hardware virtualization (VT-x). It can usually be enabled via your BIOS.
Homestead is currently built and tested using Vagrant 1.7.
- Ubuntu 14.04
- PHP 5.6
- Node (With Bower, Grunt, and Gulp)
- Laravel Envoy
- Blackfire Profiler
Installation & Setup
Installing VirtualBox / VMware & Vagrant
In addition to VirtualBox, Homestead also supports VMware. To use the VMware provider, you will need to purchase both VMware Fusion / Desktop and the VMware Vagrant plug-in. VMware provides much faster shared folder performance out of the box.
Adding The Vagrant Box
Once VirtualBox / VMware and Vagrant have been installed, you should add the
laravel/homestead box to your Vagrant installation using the following command in your terminal. It will take a few minutes to download the box, depending on your Internet connection speed:
vagrant box add laravel/homestead
If this command fails, you may have an old version of Vagrant that requires the full URL:
vagrant box add laravel/homestead https://atlas.hashicorp.com/laravel/boxes/homestead
You may install Homestead manually by simply cloning the repository. Consider cloning the repository into a
Homestead folder within your "home" directory, as the Homestead box will serve as the host to all of your Laravel (and PHP) projects:
git clone https://github.com/laravel/homestead.git Homestead
Once you have cloned the Homestead repository, run the
bash init.sh command from the Homestead directory to create the
Homestead.yaml configuration file:
Homestead.yaml file will be placed in your
Configure Your Provider
provider key in your
Homestead.yaml file indicates which Vagrant provider should be used:
vmware_fusion (Mac OS X) or
vmware_workstation (Windows). You may set this to whichever provider you prefer.
Set Your SSH Key
Next, you should edit the
Homestead.yaml file. In this file, you can configure the path to your public SSH key, as well as the folders you wish to be shared between your main machine and the Homestead virtual machine.
Don't have an SSH key? On Mac and Linux, you can generally create an SSH key pair using the following command:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "you@homestead"
Once you have created a SSH key, specify the key's path in the
authorize property of your
Configure Your Shared Folders
folders property of the
Homestead.yaml file lists all of the folders you wish to share with your Homestead environment. As files within these folders are changed, they will be kept in sync between your local machine and the Homestead environment. You may configure as many shared folders as necessary!
To enable NFS, just add a simple flag to your synced folder:
folders: - map: ~/Code to: /home/vagrant/Code type: "nfs"
Configure Your Nginx Sites
Not familiar with Nginx? No problem. The
sites property allows you to easily map a "domain" to a folder on your Homestead environment. A sample site configuration is included in the
Homestead.yaml file. Again, you may add as many sites to your Homestead environment as necessary. Homestead can serve as a convenient, virtualized environment for every Laravel project you are working on!
You can make any Homestead site use HHVM by setting the
hhvm option to
sites: - map: homestead.app to: /home/vagrant/Code/Laravel/public hhvm: true
Each site will be accessible by HTTP via port 8000 and HTTPS via port 44300.
To add Bash aliases to your Homestead box, simply add to the
aliases file in the root of the
Launch The Vagrant Box
Once you have edited the
Homestead.yaml to your liking, run the
vagrant up command from your Homestead directory.
Vagrant will boot the virtual machine, and configure your shared folders and Nginx sites automatically! To destroy the machine, you may use the
vagrant destroy --force command.
Don't forget to add the "domains" for your Nginx sites to the
hosts file on your machine! The
hosts file will redirect your requests for the local domains into your Homestead environment. On Mac and Linux, this file is located at
/etc/hosts. On Windows, it is located at
C:\Windows\System32\drivers\etc\hosts. The lines you add to this file will look like the following:
Make sure the IP address listed is the one you set in your
Homestead.yaml file. Once you have added the domain to your
hosts file, you can access the site via your web browser!
To learn how to connect to your databases, read on!
Connecting Via SSH
Since you will probably need to SSH into your Homestead machine frequently, consider creating an "alias" on your host machine to quickly SSH into the Homestead box:
alias vm="ssh firstname.lastname@example.org -p 2222"
Once you create this alias, you can simply use the "vm" command to SSH into your Homestead machine from anywhere on your system.
Alternatively, you can use the
vagrant ssh command from your Homestead directory.
Connecting To Your Databases
homestead database is configured for both MySQL and Postgres out of the box. For even more convenience, Laravel's
local database configuration is set to use this database by default.
To connect to your MySQL or Postgres database from your main machine via Navicat or Sequel Pro, you should connect to
127.0.0.1 and port 33060 (MySQL) or 54320 (Postgres). The username and password for both databases is
Note: You should only use these non-standard ports when connecting to the databases from your main machine. You will use the default 3306 and 5432 ports in your Laravel database configuration file since Laravel is running within the Virtual Machine.
Adding Additional Sites
Once your Homestead environment is provisioned and running, you may want to add additional Nginx sites for your Laravel applications. You can run as many Laravel installations as you wish on a single Homestead environment. There are two ways to do this: First, you may simply add the sites to your
Homestead.yaml file and then run
vagrant provision from your Homestead directory.
Note: This process is destructive. When running the
provisioncommand, your existing databases will be destroyed and recreated.
Alternatively, you may use the
serve script that is available on your Homestead environment. To use the
serve script, SSH into your Homestead environment and run the following command:
serve domain.app /home/vagrant/Code/path/to/public/directory 80
Note: After running the
servecommand, do not forget to add the new site to the
hostsfile on your main machine!
The following ports are forwarded to your Homestead environment:
- SSH: 2222 → Forwards To 22
- HTTP: 8000 → Forwards To 80
- HTTPS: 44300 → Forwards To 443
- MySQL: 33060 → Forwards To 3306
- Postgres: 54320 → Forwards To 5432
Adding Additional Ports
If you wish, you may forward additional ports to the Vagrant box, as well as specify their protocol:
ports: - send: 93000 to: 9300 - send: 7777 to: 777 protocol: udp
Blackfire Profiler by SensioLabs automatically gathers data about your code's execution, such as RAM, CPU time, and disk I/O. Homestead makes it a breeze to use this profiler for your own applications.
All of the proper packages have already been installed on your Homestead box, you simply need to set a Blackfire Server ID and token in your
blackfire: - id: your-server-id token: your-server-token client-id: your-client-id client-token: your-client-token
Once you have configured your Blackfire credentials, re-provision the box using
vagrant provision from your Homestead directory. Of course, be sure to review the Blackfire documentation to learn how to install the Blackfire companion extension for your web browser.